Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. Critical thinking is self-directed , self-disciplined , self- monitored , and self- corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism   and sociocentrism. The earliest records of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. These included a part in Plato's early dialogues, where Socrates engages with one or more interlocutors on the issue of ethics such as question whether it was right for Socrates to escape from prison. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight.
What Is Critical Thinking? How Can It Be Improved?
What Is Critical Thinking? How Can It Be Improved? | REBOOT FOUNDATION
Logical Reasoning is the act of analysing a situation and coming up with a logical solution. It is a rational and critical way of thinking and solving problems. Logical Reasoning requires systematic steps to solve a problem objectively, that will allow you to make conclusions based on rational interpretations and mental calculations. Individuals who have a good reasoning aptitude become more successful than others in life.
Philosophy, Logic and Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is fundamentally a process of questioning information and data. You may question the information you read in a textbook, or you may question what a politician or a professor or a classmate says. You can also question a commonly-held belief or a new idea. With critical thinking, anything and everything is subject to question and examination. The word logic comes from the Ancient Greek logike , referring to the science or art of reasoning.
As cognitive scientist Daniel Willingham writes , the activities of critical thinking can be divided into three areas: reasoning, making judgments, and problem-solving. Critical thinking means becoming skilled in all three areas. It means, in brief, thinking well. So how can we think better?