Renaissance gripped Europe in the fifteenth century, leading its call for exploration. Simultaneously, they were advancements in the field of ship building, crop rotation, ploughing and meat industry. This led to the need for voyages and the requirements of spices respectively. Prince Henry of Portugal nicknamed, Navigator , Portuguese Royal who supported sea route exploration.
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The region was sometimes called the Indian Empire , though not officially. Thus, though ruled by a British Viceroy, "India" was a founding member of the League of Nations , a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in , , , , and , and a founding member of the United Nations in San Francisco in And the Indian Army was a completely distinct armed force - British-commanded but separate from the British Army and with its own chain of command. This system of governance was instituted on 28 June , when, after the Indian Rebellion of , the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria  who, in , was proclaimed Empress of India. It lasted until , when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India later the Republic of India and the Dominion of Pakistan later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan , the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh in At the inception of the Raj in , Lower Burma was already a part of British India; Upper Burma was added in , and the resulting union, Burma Myanmar , was administered as an autonomous province until , when it became a separate British colony, gaining its own independence in
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Hatyakand Essay, Paragraph & Article
He is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement. His family had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj. His uncle Swaran Singh had participated in the freedom struggle against the British. When in , an another uncle of Bhagat, Ajit Singh was arrested and exiled to Rangoon in Burma Myanmar , Swaran asked the people of Punjab to force the government for his release and due to his efforts Ajit Singh was released from Rangoon jail in October After coming back from jail, Ajit Singh decided to start a major revolt against the British.