The literature review is an integral part of any research project and is undertaken as a means of surveying what research has been conducted previously on a particular topic. There are many reasons for conducting a literature review, but one of the primary reasons is to establish a base line of what is already known on a topic before exploring the topic any further. The review typically involves a search of any previously published or presented materials that might have relevance to a prospective new study. If the point of a research project is solely to review what has already been written on a topic, the resulting article is termed a "survey of the literature" or a "literature survey" or even a "literature review. A literature survey might end with a discussion of what work is still needed to further develop knowledge of a particular topic, but it does not, itself, flesh out any of those ideas.
The literature review: an integral part of the research process
The Importance of Literature Review in Research Writing - Owlcation
Literature reviews, a key component of scholarly write-ups, call for a high degree of academic maturity from researchers. In addition to exhibiting the depth of your reading, they help demonstrate your grasp in the research area. The review of literature is of high significance in certain disciplines, especially within the social sciences, where it becomes the primary tool to evaluate, juxtapose and critique the existing body of scholarship. To put simply, it is a survey of literature such as books, articles, write-ups, and other sources that help you address the important issues, theories, and concepts of your research. In other words, it examines secondary sources relevant to your research areaand aims to provide a critical evaluation and summary of them your research question.
There are a variety of approaches to research in any field of investigation, irrespective of whether it is applied research or basic research. Each particular research study will be unique in some ways because of the particular time, setting, environment, and place in which it is being undertaken. Nevertheless, all research endeavors share a common goal of furthering our understanding of the problem and thus all traverse through certain basic stages, forming a process called the research process. An understanding of the research process is necessary to effectively carry out research and sequencing of the stages inherent in the process.
People often treat writing the literature review in an academic paper as a formality. Usually, this means simply listing various studies vaguely related to their work and leaving it at that. But this overlooks how important the literature review is to a well-written experimental report or research paper. Common in the social and physical sciences, but also sometimes required in the humanities, a literature review is a summary of past research in your subject area.