Learn more HERE. Immediately after the Civil War, many former slaves established subsistence farms on land that had been abandoned by fleeing white Southerners. The freedmen, who wanted autonomy and independence, refused to sign contracts that required gang labor, and sharecropping emerged as a compromise. Landowners divided plantations into to acre plots suitable for farming by a single family. In exchange for the use of land, a cabin, and supplies, sharecroppers agreed to raise a cash crop and give a portion, usually 50 percent, of the crop to their landlord. Landowners extended credit to sharecroppers to buy goods and charged high interest rates, sometimes as high as 70 percent a year, creating a system of economic dependence and poverty.
Sharecropper contract, 1867
Essay On Sharecropping - Words | Bartleby
The photograph strongly reflects the subjects and their situation. The famliy stares right. They bring out the emotions that we never thought anyone else could possibly understand. Hollywood creates characters that are easy to find connections with. Movies, Television, Film, etc. Poverty of Sharecroppers vs Unemployed Industrial Workers Poverty has been a big issue over the past century or so and continues to be a problem to this day in the United States. Due to the Civil War, rural areas and industrial areas were affected by poverty.
Advantages Of Sharecropping
At the time of the Civil War, land was destroyed in the south due to the war being fought in the area. So, there came the Reconstruction era were the government worked on getting the land back to a working economy. Land was hard to come by in the south around this time, so the newly freed people were left without land to live off of. To provide for themselves, many had to work as laborers on white-owned land to earn a living. In a sense they were basically already doing this, tending to the farm land when they were slaves, though now they are actually collecting an earning for their hard work.
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