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Police Reform Doesn’t Work
(DOC) CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK | Abud Daulah - rentalmobildisurabaya.info
In police reform circles, many scholars and policymakers diagnose the frayed relationship between police forces and the communities they serve as a problem of illegitimacy, or the idea that people lack confidence in the police and thus are unlikely to comply or cooperate with them. This Essay argues that legitimacy theory offers an incomplete diagnosis of the policing crisis, and thus de-emphasizes deeper structural, group-centered approaches to the problem of policing. This Essay critiques the reliance of police decision makers on a simplified version of legitimacy and procedural justice theory. It aims to expand the predominant understanding of police mistrust among African Americans and the poor, proposing that legal estrangement offers a better lens through which scholars and policymakers can understand and respond to the current problems of policing. I gratefully acknowledge funding from the Annie E. Andrew, and Juliana Wittman.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE: Law Enforcement Use of Force: Focusing on the Albuqueque Police Department
Police use-of-force continues to be a major source of international concern, inviting interest from academics and practitioners alike. Police misconduct can translate into complaints against the police, which carry large economic and social costs. We empirically tested the use of body-worn-cameras by measuring the effect of videotaping police—public encounters on incidents of police use-of-force and complaints, in randomized-controlled settings.
Re: Freedom for What? T he role of policing in the United States is being hotly debated, with many liberal activists calling for reductions in police funding. Although advocates of defunding the police have failed to win over the general public, the political climate in certain Democratic-leaning cities, combined with the budget constraints imposed by COVID, has already succeeded in thinning the ranks of police departments in some parts of the country. The long-term impact of police reductions in these specific cities is at this point unclear. Therefore, we felt that research on the effect of large, sudden reductions to a police force was needed in the field.