As we start analyzing a claim we need to realize that we all begin this process with certain preconceived ideas and beliefs that can guide or misguide our thinking. Duncan Hines assumed that Japanese families had ovens, like those families in this country. Stated another way, we all have certain biases and assumptions that influence our thinking. When analyzing a claim, we need to understand the difference between an assumption and an inference we naturally make about the claim being argued. Inference refers to something we believe to be accurate based on something else we believe to be true.
16 Characteristics of Critical Thinkers
Making an inference involves using what you know to make a guess about what you don't know or reading between the lines. Readers who make inferences use the clues in the text along with their own experiences to help them figure out what is not directly said, making the text personal and memorable. Helping students make texts memorable will help them gain more personal pleasure from reading, read the text more critically, and remember and apply what they have read. Researchers have confirmed that thoughtful, active, proficient readers are metacognitive; they think about their own thinking during reading. They can identify when and why the meaning of the text is unclear to them and can use a variety of strategies to solve comprehension problems or deepen their understanding of a text Duffy et al.
Unit 5: Facilitating Critical Thinking through Literature
Critical thinking skills are essential for all nurses. They are a necessity for the provision of safe, high-quality clinical care. The growing body of research, patient acuity, and complexity of care demand higher-order thinking skills.
We all make inferences; that is, we draw conclusions by using information to create new information. When you make an inference, you connect the dots from the known to the unknown, from the stated to the unstated. An inference is a logical conclusion based on an analysis of objects, sensations, events, facts, and ideas that seems likely in light of what is known. We can reach factual, that is, verifiable, inferences from factual information. For example, given the following facts, the conclusions are logical:.