Worried about plagiarism? Read this. Help Login Sign Up. The Meskhetian Turks are the people who used to live in a place called Meskhetia, a part of southern Georgia which borders with Turkey. Meskhetian Turks are Turkish-speaking people because Meskhetian territory and population used to be a part of the Ottoman Empire. Thus, Meskhetian Turks became a victim of demographical engineering which was popular in that period.
Meskhetian Turks: Ten Years On
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The community is largely made of Meskhetian Turks and immigrants from Turkey. The Ottoman Turks are no longer listed separately in the census, it is presumed that those who were living in Ukraine have either been assimilated into Ukrainian society or have left the country. Vyacheslav Molotov , then Minister of Foreign Affairs , demanded the surrender of three Anatolian provinces Kars , Ardahan and Artvin ; thus, war against Turkey seemed possible, and Joseph Stalin wanted to clear the strategic Turkish population situated in Meskheti , located near the Turkish-Georgian border which were likely to be hostile to Soviet intentions. Approximately 10, Meskhetian Turks live in Ukraine. They are concentrated mostly in Crimea , Donetsk , Kherson , and Mykolaiv.
Deportation of the Meskhetian Turks
After several false starts, Georgia is on the verge of approving a plan that would permit the repatriation of thousands of Meskhetian Turks. Implementation of the plan would mark a major step in Georgia's democratization process, but some opposition politicians warn that the legislation is vague and could lead to unpleasant surprises for the Georgian government. In , tens of thousands of Meskhetian Turks were deported en masse by Stalin from the Samtskhe-Javakheti region of southwest Georgia to Central Asia for alleged security reasons.
Aside from the Winter Olympics in Sochi, also marks the ten-year anniversary of the resettlement of Krasnodar Krai's Meskhetian Turk population to the United States. Now, with international attention focused on Russia and Krasnodar Krai the region that comprises Sochi , the timing warrants a renewed look at the situation of the remaining Meskhetian Turks still living in the Russian Federation. With nationalist sentiment on the rise amongst ethnic Russians see EDM, September 20, October 17, November 1 , renewed levels of discrimination against the Meskhetian Turks throughout Russia may be increasingly likely. When pogroms broke out in the Ferghana Valley in , some Turks were relocated to regions across Russia by the Soviet army.