Metrics details. Although there are inequalities in child health and survival in the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC , the influence of distal determinants such as geographic location on children's nutritional status is still unclear. We investigate the impact of geographic location on child nutritional status by mapping the residual net effect of malnutrition while accounting for important risk factors. We examine spatial variation in under-five malnutrition with flexible geo-additive semi-parametric mixed model while simultaneously controlling for spatial dependence and possibly nonlinear effects of covariates within a simultaneous, coherent regression framework based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. Individual data records were constructed for children. Each record represents a child and consists of nutritional status information and a list of covariates.
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To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Papers People. Flour fortification in South Africa: post-implementation survey of micronutrient levels at point of retail. Fortification of staple foods is an effective strategy to deliver and increase the intake of micronutrients in the diet and can reduce micronutrient deficiencies.
American Institutes for Research
Metrics details. The prevalence of child malnutrition in Angola is still very high, and little is known about its associated factors. We used data from a cross-sectional population-based study conducted in The outcomes studied were stunting and underweight. Multivariable analysis was conducted; prevalence ratios were estimated by Poisson regression with robust variance using a hierarchical model.
Evidence of the cost of hunger and malnutrition is often presented to make the case for increased investment and commitment to address these serious challenges. But equally important to making this case — and perhaps less commonly cited — is evidence of the benefits of ending hunger and malnutrition. Prompted by suggestions from the Compact Leadership Council , the Compact team conducted a literature review on the benefits of ending hunger and malnutrition, identifying four major areas of benefit: economic, health, social, and education.