Everyone I knew told me I was no good at composition. A drastic change in my attitude toward writing occurred spring quarter, , the quarter I took English E Scientific Writing with Pam Demory. I came to realize that being able to communicate technical knowledge is as important as possessing such technical knowledge. After many helpful suggestions from Pam Demory and Larry Greer, I finally gathered the courage to submit my review to the Prized Writing contest. I am grateful for their assistance along the way; this review would not have come out so successfully without them.
Emotional system in complex cognitive activities of working memory: A literature review of its role
A meta-analysis of working memory in individuals with autism spectrum disorders
The goal of this report is to critically review research on executive functioning EF and working memory in individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder FASD. Individuals with FASD exhibit EF deficits in the areas of cognitive flexibility, planning and strategy use, verbal reasoning, some aspects of inhibition, set shifting, fluency, working memory, and, recently, on tests of emotion-related or hot EF. Some researchers have linked prenatal alcohol exposure to abnormalities in the development of the frontal cortex of affected individuals or animals. One common finding is that these EF deficits persist regardless of whether the individual has facial dysmorphology. Furthermore, EF deficits are not simply due to a low IQ in these individuals. More research with larger sample sizes, smaller age ranges, and consistent measurement tools is needed in this area to ameliorate some inconsistencies in the literature.
Working Memory From the Psychological and Neurosciences Perspectives: A Review
Autism spectrum disorders ASD are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders. To determine whether individuals with ASD experience significant impairments in WM and whether there are specific domains of working memory that are impaired. Meta-analyses were conducted separately for phonological and visuospatial domains of WM.
Since the concept of working memory was introduced over 50 years ago, different schools of thought have offered different definitions for working memory based on the various cognitive domains that it encompasses. The general consensus regarding working memory supports the idea that working memory is extensively involved in goal-directed behaviors in which information must be retained and manipulated to ensure successful task execution. Before the emergence of other competing models, the concept of working memory was described by the multicomponent working memory model proposed by Baddeley and Hitch. From the neuroscience perspective, it has been established that working memory activates the fronto-parietal brain regions, including the prefrontal, cingulate, and parietal cortices. Recent studies have subsequently implicated the roles of subcortical regions such as the midbrain and cerebellum in working memory.