October 30, Overuse of antibiotics in healthcare contributes to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, resulting in 2 million infections and , deaths in the U. Andrew Morris, MD, medical director, Sinai Health System-University Health Network Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, Toronto, and lead author of the white paper , Research Needs in Antibiotic Stewardship, said antibiotic stewardship research is in its infancy, and research funding is needed to move practice forward. For many, we don't even know if they require antibiotic treatment," Morris said. The authors acknowledge that Antibiotic Stewardship Programs have gained momentum in hospitals as a powerful tool to address inappropriate antibiotic use, but that the optimal use and full value of these programs has not yet been explored.
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Since researchers began formally studying AA in the late 20th century, however, there has been debate among clinical scientists about its effectiveness. This recently released comprehensive report systematically reviews the science to date on AA, and used rigorous meta-analytic techniques to weigh the evidence. Yet since AA started to be formally studied by clinical scientists in the late 20th Century, scholars have debated its effectiveness. Though many early studies showed benefits of AA , the rigor and methodology of much of this research was questioned, and up until the late s, there were few gold-standard randomized controlled trials or rigorous quasi-experimental studies. Researchers responded in kind, developing increasingly sophisticated methods for evaluating AA, and developing and testing clinical interventions that provide systematic clinical linkages to AA, comparing such interventions to empirically-supported treatments, such as commonly used cognitive-behavioral therapy CBT. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted through the Cochrane Library of systematic reviews — the recognized gold standard in scientific rigor for medical research.
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Thank you for using the Blood Drive Management Portal. As a blood program partner of the American Red Cross, you play a vital role in the life-saving network that helps ensure that patient needs for blood are met. This portal provides tools and information to help you make your blood drives successful. It also contains confidential donor information and privileged Red Cross materials.
Controlling the properties of materials has been the driving force behind most modern technologies—from solar panels, computers, smart vehicles or life-saving hospital equipment. But materials properties have traditionally been adjusted based on their composition, structure, and sometimes size, and most practical devices that produce or generate light use layers of materials of different compositions that can often be difficult to grow. The breakthrough by SMART researchers and their collaborators offers a new paradigm-shifting approach to tune the optical properties of technologically-relevant materials by changing the twist angle between stacked films, at room temperature. Their findings could have a huge impact on various applications in the medical, biological, and quantum information fields. Their research can also be meaningful for developing the fundamental physics in the field of "twistronics"—the study of how the angle between layers of two-dimensional materials can change their electrical properties.