Confucianism; Philosophy and Religion Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as a tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life. Confucianism is viewed with particular emphasis on the importance of the family and social harmony, rather than on worldly source of spiritual. We welcome you to an Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. The study of man and the society is incomplete without the study of religion, for it plays a significant role in the development and sustenance human society. The Cosmological argument argues for the existence of God a posteriori based on the apparent order in the universe. For Aristotle, the existence of the universe needs an explanation, a cause, as it could not have come from nothing.
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What is religion? According to an Oxford dictionary, religion is the belief in the existence of a supernatural ruling power, the creator and the controller of the universe, who has given to man a spiritual nature, which continues to exist after the death of the body. Religion appears to be a simple idea on the surface, but in reality it is a very complex system. No doubt religion means much or little according to the stage of development that has been reached, but, in its earliest as in its latest form. The whole being of the religious man is filled with the divine as it appears to him, and therefore in religion he feels that he is in perfect unity with himself and the deeper nature of the universe. The possibility of religion is bound up with the essential nature of man as a rational and spiritual being, and rationality or spirituality presupposes as its primary condition the consciousness of a unity, which embraces all distinctions of the world and the self. Now, when man, as a rational subject, finds, or believes that he finds, the world to be a cosmos and human life intelligible, and refers both object and subject to a supreme principle, he adopts the attitude of religion.
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This book is a posthumous collection of some of the best papers of a distinguished, many-sided philosopher of religion, edited by one of his last students. The foreword is a humorous, piquant, and appreciative personal reminisence by Eleonore Stump. Christian B. Miller's introduction gives the gist, and in some cases reviews the polemical background, of each of the papers. The book has six sections: religious ethics, religion and tragic dilemmas, religious epistemology, religion and political liberalism, topics in Christian philosophy, and religious diversity.
The editors and authors of this volume think that philosophy of religion is in a coal pit that Christian analytic philosophers have been merrily digging for us with confessional work better suited to theology. The contributors disagree over how exactly we've gone wrong, how seriously we've gone wrong, and what charting a better route would look like. They are all in agreement, however, that philosophy of religion desperately needs to change.