Genome editing is as consequential as it is controversial. But even if we can do it, the question is: should we? It is important to distinguish between two different types of genome editing: somatic and germline. Somatic cells make up most of our bodies, including our skin, hair, blood, and organs. In contrast, germline cells are reproductive cells that can create embryos.
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Should scientists pursue research that would enable prospective parents to edit the genes of their future children in ways that could be passed onto subsequent generations? Not for now, according to the organizers of a summit held in Washington DC at the end of Its goal was to consider a variety of possible uses of gene editing technology in humans. At the end of the Summit, the Organizing Committee endorsed some potential uses of the technology—such as to treat cancer or confer immunity to infectious diseases—if those uses could meet existing standards for safety and effectiveness. But the Committee also raised a variety of unresolved issues about the use of technologies like CRISPR-Cas9 to alter the genes of eggs, sperm or early stage embryos. Concerns about the potential for new technologies to exacerbate inequalities, as well as the risk that they might be applied coercively, are also familiar.
Human germline engineering
This is attained through altering specimen within the germinal cells, for instance, the oocyte and spermatogonium. Human germline engineering should not be confused with gene therapy. Gene therapy consists of altering somatic cells, which are all cells in the body that are not involved in reproduction. While gene therapy does change the genome of the targeted cells, these cells are not within the germline, so the alterations are not heritable and cannot be passed on to the next generation. This attempt was rather unsuccessful; only a small fraction of the embryos successfully spliced the new genetic material and many of the embryos contained a large number of random mutations.
It may also cause the price of the procedure to rise even more. Human Genetic Engineering could cause harm to the parent and offspring. Genetic engineering is the deliberated modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulation its genetic material. There are many potential benefits of genetic engineering. Some include tackling and defeating disease, eliminating illness in young and unborn children, potentially longer life expectancy, and the ability to produce new foods.