The biological approach attempts to explain behaviour as the direct product of interactions within the body. An example might be aggressive behaviour, in light of obvious survival benefits such as warding off predators and competing for resources. The genotype describes the genetic configuration of an individual, whereas phenotype describes the combined effects of genetic makeup and surrounding environment on behaviour. The nature-nurture debate highlights a key argument in psychology, over the relative influence of biology and environment on the characteristics of an individual; an extreme biological approach assumes that these are determined solely by nature.
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By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated An approach is a perspective i. There may be several different theories within an approach, but they all share these common assumptions. The five major perspectives in psychology are biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive and humanistic.
The Biological and Emotional Causes of Aggression
By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated The biological approach believes behavior to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology.
The biological and psychoanalytical perspectives are two of the core approaches in psychology, and are highly influential to many aspects of life, such as therapies and medicines. Whilst these two psychological perspectives have distinct differences in their key features and core assumptions, they have some similarities in the way they explain behaviour. For example, both perspectives are deterministic and focus on internal factors. They also draw on both nature and nurture in their theories. Perspectives of Psychology Psychology can be defined as the systematic study of mental processes, couple with behaviors, and experiences Kalat,